If you want to see into the future of cancer care, look at the scientific discoveries being developed today right here in Ontario.
Since its inception in 2005, OICR has continued to develop the tools and technologies to improve cancer outcomes for patients and generate economic benefits for Ontario. We are also helping lay the groundwork for a transformation in how cancer is prevented, detected, diagnosed and treated.
"By looking back at OICR’s achievements and how they have shaped cancer research over the past year, this report provides a glimpse of what is possible in years to come."
Dr. Laszlo Radvanyi, PhD, President and Scientific Director
This past year, we launched new and ambitious research programs aimed at detecting cancer and developing new precision oncology approaches, and we expanded our pipleline and tools to develop more powerful cancer drugs.
New insights about the molecular structure of tumours are helping us understand cancer in ways we can action now and into the future. Breakthroughs in diagnostic testing and imaging foreshadow a world where we diagnose cancer earlier and more precisely to give each patient the best chance against the disease. Progress on new therapies and new evidence from existing ones will help deliver personalized medicine tailored to each patient’s unique form of cancer. In addition, the partnerships and infrastructures OICR is building today will enable research that makes a difference for current and future generations.
These are the foundations of the vision OICR laid out in our 2021-2026 Strategic Plan, and it’s exciting to see that vision already coming to fruition. Whether it’s the first-of-their-kind moonshots that make headlines or the fundamental scientific progress that underpins them, OICR is working across institutions and disciplines to power innovations that will change lives in Ontario and around the world.
As always, these innovations are made possible by the hard work and expertise of many different people. I want to start by thanking each member of OICR’s oustanding staff, who overcame another year of disruptions from the COVID-19 pandemic to continue delivering the highest quality work. You have each shown your resilience and commitment to OICR’s vision and I know Ontarians are grateful.
I am proud to lead our staff with a dedicated executive team, which continued to evolve over the past year. Dr. Christine Williams’ new role as Executive Vice President and Head of Implementation Science will further strengthen OICR’s connection with partners in Ontario’s cancer care system that makes our translational research possible, and Jeanette Dias-D’Souza taking on a new role as Senior Vice President of Corporate Services and Group Chief Financial Officer will help OICR maintain strong financial oversight.
OICR’s Board of Directors once again provided the Institute with critical guidance and oversight. I thank Board members for their leadership, and send my sincere gratitude to Dr. Morag Park, who stepped down as Chair of OICR’s Research Committee in September after more than four years on the Board. We also welcomed Dr. Susan Fitzpatrick as OICR’s new Board Chair this past year. Susan has had an illustrious career through different influential roles in the Ontario health system and she is a great asset to OICR.
The OICR community extends far beyond our staff and governance. Thanks once again to the many partners across Ontario and around the world who share our vision and strive to make it a reality. And of course our work would not be possible without the ongoing support of the Government of Ontario. We thank them for the faith they have shown in OICR, the powerful community we have built and their ongoing commitment to the province’s health and economic security.
Ultimately, our research is about improving the lives of people with cancer, and so it’s essential they play an integral role. This year, OICR took another big step to more strongly integrate the patient voice into our reseach with the launch of our Patient Patnership Plan, produced in collaboration with our Patient and Family Advisory Council (PFAC) under the leadership of inaugural Chair Antonia Palmer. Though we were sad to see Antonia step down as Chair of PFAC, we thank her for everything she did to guide OICR’s new patient partnership activities, and we are energized by our first few months of working with the new Chair Diana Lemaire.
It's truly inspiring to see these many communities come together toward the common goal of solving cancer. I am confident that with our continued hard work and collaboration, the future we dream of is within reach.
Dr. Laszlo Radvanyi
President and Scientific Director, OICR
Tough to detect, quick to spread and stubbornly resistant to treatment, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest forms of cancer.
Most people won’t have symptoms in the early stages, giving pancreatic tumours — which can metastasize when they’re no bigger than a fingernail — plenty of chance to spread.
By the time PDAC is detected, it’s often too late for surgery. Fewer than one in 10 people will live five years past their diagnosis.
But advancements in genomic sequencing have opened a new window into what makes PDAC so challenging.
OICR led a major push to study and catalogue molecular data about pancreatic cancer that is generating key insights on how best to treat it. And OICR’s unique Pancreatic Cancer Translational Research Initiative (PanCuRx) is turning those insights into real-world treatment decisions.
"The way we’re applying molecular knowledge to clinical decision-making in real time is very cutting edge and hopefully it can offer a better path for people with pancreatic cancer"
Dr. Steven Gallinger, Head, Clinical Translation and Co-Lead, PanCuRx
New insights on how blood stem cells age could provide clues about who is likely to develop blood cancers.
It only takes a minutes to analyze the millions of cells in a tumour using a new A.I.-driven technique.
By looking where few have looked before, researchers found new biomarkers to predict how aggressive certain brain cancers will be.
4,700+ patients have been recruited to
162 OICR-supported clinical trials.
2,097 highly qualified personnel
across Ontario enhanced their knowledge through participation in OICR-supported projects (2021-22)
hosted by OICR-funded projects (since inception)
4,100+ educational events
supported by OICR to share knowledge and provide training (since inception)
21 patient partners
contributed to OICR research projects (2021-22)
The ‘best’ treatments for breast cancer can vary dramatically from patient to patient. Different tumours respond differently to chemotherapies and targeted drugs, and finding the best treatment is about matching a patient’s specific form of cancer to the therapies with the best chance of stopping it.
This tailored approach to oncology is often called ‘precision medicine’ and it’s one of the core objectives of OICR’s Diagnostic Development program.
"We develop tools to help understand each patient’s unique cancer so that they can receive the therapies they will benefit most from"
Dr. Jane Bayani, Co-Director and Principal Research Scientist, Diagnostic Development
But these tools don’t come easy. It takes a deep understanding of cancer’s underlying biology and a commitment to translating that understanding into clinically useful diagnostic tests.
Dr. Jane Bayani and her fellow Co- Director Dr. Melanie Spears have spent nearly a decade developing two promising tests to predict how breast cancer patients will respond to treatment. Buoyed by collaborations across OICR, they have translated their innovations from the early days of biomarker discovery to the cusp of being adopted into the clinic, where they can help inform precision medicine decisions for the one in eight Canadian women who develop breast cancer.
An innovative MRI technology is harnessing one of cancer’s unique properties – its irregular density -- to ‘light up’ cancerous tissue.
A new gene signature test can improve early treatment decisions for acute myeloid leukemia by quickly assessing a patient’s risk of relapsing after treatment.
Over nearly half a century researching medical imaging, Dr. Martin Yaffe has literally changed the way we see breast cancer.
COVID-19 has caused delays in cancer diagnoses, but Ontario can learn from the pandemic by investing in early detection.
To unlock a new class of cancer-killing drugs, OICR researchers are looking for keys among a previously overlooked family of proteins.
WD-repeat proteins play an important part in many cellular processes by acting as ‘scaffolding’ proteins and thus bring different proteins together.
This family of more than 300 proteins was traditionally seen as difficult to drug. Most drug discovery efforts focus instead on other targets such as enzymes that play a driving role in many cellular functions.
But an OICR collaboration with the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) has found there is more to these unassuming proteins than initially thought, and that inhibiting them with small molecules could play an important role in slowing down cancer.
"We’re learning that targeting the protein-protein interactions regulated by WD-repeat proteins causes consequences that could be clinically relevant to cancer"
Mahmoud Noureldin, fourth-year PhD student at the University of Toronto based in OICR’s Drug Discovery team
The first platform to manufacture made-in-Canada CAR-T cells is offering Canadians access to life-changing immunotherapy.
A trial compared surgery versus radiation for throat and tongue cancers to find which treatment option delivered the best quality of life.
A groundbreaking clinical trial found new insights about how a common immunotherapy drug works on different cancer types.
Tests used to predict women’s risk of breast cancer recurrence may also work for men, according to a unique OICR study.
OICR-supported researchers contributed to
710 publications in 2021-22, which have already been cited more than 3,600 times, more than 2.5 times the world average
attracted to Ontario as a result of OICR-supported projects
OICR collaborates with people at
580+ organizations from
30 countries around the world
100% of research projects
considered equity, diversity and inclusion in their proposals
For Dr. Saumik Biswas and the entrepreneurs behind the robotic ultrasound technology code-named the ‘Lymphonator’, the 2021 FACIT Falcons’ Fortunes competition was a valuable learning experience.
Biswas and his team from Western University are experts in their field, creators of a groundbreaking device that detects lymph nodes in surgically removed colorectal cancer tissues faster and more accurately than manual examination. But presenting their innovation to a panel of judges from venture capital and the life sciences industry, with the clock ticking, for a chance at the award and investment, was uncharted territory.
“That was our team’s first pitch competition, and it was a new challenge for us,” Biswas says. “It forced us to thoroughly investigate, understand and communicate our technology and our commercialization strategy in just 10 minutes.”
Although they didn’t end up winning the grand prize at Falcons’ Fortunes, the Lymphonator team left the competition with the ‘Audience Choice Award’ for their engaging pitch, as well as a solid understanding of their commercialization needs and value in the market. The experience helped them win subsequent pitch competitions and put them on track to be awarded critical seed capital – much needed given the early stage of their technology – through FACIT’s Prospects Oncology Fund that year.
“Our ongoing connection to FACIT has been critical in moving our innovation forward along our commercialization pathway,” says Biswas, who is now CEO, President and Founder of the resulting spin-off company Tenomix Inc. “It has helped us reach several critical milestones in a short period.”
With the support of OICR and FACIT:
3 new start-up companies established (2021-2022)
33 start-ups established (since inception)
at all active start-ups in our portfolio
High-level accreditation for OICR’s Genomics lab will open more opportunities to support clinical trials.
A COVID-19 data portal built in record time by OICR’s software engineering team will help build a better understanding of the disease.
A new cloud computing platform has made a massive collection of cancer data available to researchers worldwide.
Research about clinical trials for new cancer drugs suggests they don’t always measure the outcomes that matter most to cancer patients.
OICR’s commitment to equity, diversity and inclusion (EDI) will ensure that people from all communities contribute to and benefit from this new era of cancer innovation.
A new Patient Partnership Plan builds on years of work by OICR to integrate patient perspectives across its all of our research programs.
Tom Ouelette is a PhD candidate who developed a way to predict how cancer evolves using deep learning algorithms.
Clare Park is a PhD candidate harnessing 3D ultrasound technology to diagnose hard-to-detect breast cancers.
Laura Bumbulis is an undergraduate student who helped identify gene mutations in pancreatic cancer.